Le Livre noir the little black book of violence pdf communisme. The introduction was written by Courtois. According to Courtois, the death toll amounts to 94 million. 10,000 deaths “resulting from actions of the international Communist movement and Communist parties not in power.
He says that Communist regimes have killed “approximately 100 million people in contrast to the approximately 25 million victims of the Nazis”. Courtois claims that Nazi Germany’s methods of mass extermination were adopted from Soviet methods. The Reich Security Head Office issued to the commandants a full collection of reports concerning the Russian concentration camps. These described in great detail the conditions in, and organization of, the Russian camps, as supplied by former prisoners who had managed to escape. Great emphasis was placed on the fact that the Russians, by their massive employment of forced labor, had destroyed whole peoples. Soviet Union could be called “genocide”, and that they were not very much different from similar policies by Nazis. Both Communist and Nazi systems deemed “a part of humanity unworthy of existence.
The difference is that the Communist model is based on the class system, the Nazi model on race and territory. After all, it seems scarcely plausible that the victors who had helped bring about the destruction of a genocidal apparatus might themselves have put the very same methods into practice. When faced with this paradox, people generally preferred to bury their heads in sand Communist regimes have victimized approximately 100 million people in contrast to the approximately 25 million of the Nazis. Die Aufarbeitung des Sozialismus in der DDR”. The book has evoked a wide variety of responses, ranging from enthusiastic support to severe criticism.
The myth of the well-intentioned founders—the good czar Lenin betrayed by his evil heirs—has been laid to rest for good. No one will any longer be able to claim ignorance or uncertainty about the criminal nature of Communism”. Similarly, historian Jolanta Pekacz remarked that the “archival revelations of The Black Book collapse the myth of a benign, initial phase of communism before it was diverted from the right path by circumstances. Communist crimes in the Soviet Union, Eastern and Western Europe, China, North Korea, Cambodia, Vietnam, Africa, and Latin America . The Black Book does indeed surpass many of its predecessors in conveying the grand scale of the Communist tragedy, thanks to its authors’ extensive use of the newly opened archives of the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Tismaneanu argued that Courtois’ comparison of Communism to Nazism was broadly justifiable, writing that while “nalytical distinctions between them are certainly important, and sometimes Courtois does not emphasize them sufficiently”, their “commonality in terms of complete contempt for the bourgeois state of law, human rights, and the universality of humankind regardless of spurious race and class distinctions is in my view beyond doubt.