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The letter is widely believed to have been a hoax and may have been written by journalists in an attempt to heighten interest in the story and increase their newspapers’ circulation. The removal of internal organs from at least three of the victims led to proposals that their killer had some anatomical or surgical knowledge. The public came increasingly to believe in a single serial killer known as “Jack the Ripper”, mainly because of the extraordinarily brutal nature of the murders, and because of media treatment of the events. Extensive newspaper coverage bestowed widespread and enduring international notoriety on the Ripper, and the legend solidified. 1891 was unable to connect all the killings conclusively to the murders of 1888. 31 August and 9 November 1888 are often considered the most likely to be linked. The term “ripperology” was coined to describe the study and analysis of the Ripper cases.
London’s East End became increasingly overcrowded. Work and housing conditions worsened, and a significant economic underclass developed. Robbery, violence, and alcohol dependency were commonplace, and the endemic poverty drove many women to prostitution. 62 brothels and 1,200 women working as prostitutes in Whitechapel. The economic problems were accompanied by a steady rise in social tensions. Whitechapel was a notorious den of immorality.
In 1888, such perceptions were strengthened when a series of vicious and grotesque murders attributed to “Jack the Ripper” received unprecedented coverage in the media. The large number of attacks against women in the East End during this time adds uncertainty to how many victims were killed by the same person. Opinions vary as to whether these murders should be linked to the same culprit, but five of the eleven Whitechapel murders, known as the “canonical five”, are widely believed to be the work of Jack the Ripper. She said that she had been attacked by two or three men, one of whom was a teenager. Ripper murders led police to link them. The attack differs from the canonical murders in that Tabram was stabbed rather than slashed at the throat and abdomen, and many experts do not connect it with the later murders because of the difference in the wound pattern. The throat was severed by two cuts, and the lower part of the abdomen was partly ripped open by a deep, jagged wound.
Several other incisions on the abdomen were caused by the same knife. As in the case of Mary Ann Nichols, the throat was severed by two cuts. The cause of death was one clear-cut incision which severed the main artery on the left side of the neck. The absence of mutilations to the abdomen has led to uncertainty about whether Stride’s murder should be attributed to the Ripper or whether he was interrupted during the attack. The throat was severed and the abdomen was ripped open by a long, deep, jagged wound. The left kidney and the major part of the uterus had been removed.
His companions were unable to confirm his description. Eddowes’ and Stride’s murders were later called the “double event”. Part of Eddowes’ bloodied apron was found at the entrance to a tenement in Goulston Street, Whitechapel. Jew or Jews, but it was unclear whether the graffito was written by the murderer as he dropped the apron piece, or was merely incidental. Such graffiti were commonplace in Whitechapel. Black and white photograph of an eviscerated human body lying on a bed.
The throat had been severed down to the spine, and the abdomen almost emptied of its organs. The mutilations became increasingly severe as the series of murders proceeded, except for that of Stride, whose attacker may have been interrupted. Kelly’s body was eviscerated and her face hacked away, though only her heart was missing from the crime scene. Historically, the belief that these five crimes were committed by the same man is derived from contemporary documents that link them together to the exclusion of others. Some researchers have posited that some of the murders were undoubtedly the work of a single killer but an unknown larger number of killers acting independently were responsible for the others. Conversely, others suppose that the six murders between Tabram and Kelly were the work of a single killer. Macnaghten did not join the police force until the year after the murders, and his memorandum contains serious factual errors about possible suspects.