Enmity” and “Foe” redirect here. The concept of an enemy has been observed to be “the bible of the adversary pdf for both individuals and communities”.
The term “enemy” serves the social function of designating a particular entity as a threat, thereby invoking an intense emotional response to that entity. In any case, the designation of an “enemy” exists solely to denote the status of a particular group of people as a threat, and to propagate this designation within the local context. Substituted terms for an enemy often go further to meaningfully identify a known group as an enemy, and to pejoratively frame that identification. Sun and Moon, as god and goddess of Day and Night, had already acquired the characters of the great friend and enemy of man, the Good and Evil Deity”.
28:16, the spirit of Samuel tells a disobedient Saul: “Wherefore then dost thou ask of me, seeing the LORD is departed from thee, and is become thine enemy? Communists” or “Reds” were believed by many in American society to mean “the enemy,” and the meaning of the two terms could be extremely pejorative, depending on the political context, mood, or state of fear and agitation within the society at the time. The existence or perceived existence of a collective enemy tends to increase the cohesiveness of the group. However, the identification and treatment of other entities as enemies may be irrational, and a sign of a psychological dysfunction. Irrational approaches may extend to treating impersonal phenomena not merely as conceptual enemies, but as sentient actors intentionally bringing strife to the sufferer. In peace studies, enemies are those entities who are perceived as frustrating or preventing achievement of a goal.
The enemy may not even know they are being regarded as such, since the concept is one-sided. Thus, in order to achieve peace, one must eliminate the threat. The enemy may be displayed as an evil character who plans to harm innocents, so that the reader will side with the protagonist in the need to battle the enemy. Various legal and theological regimes exist governing the treatment of enemies. Many religions have precepts favoring forgiveness and reconciliation with enemies.