This is a good article. Follow the link for more information. This article is about a form of protective coloration. The rule 60 b motion example ohio pdf of radar since the mid-20th century has largely made camouflage for fixed-wing military aircraft obsolete.
Patterns derived from military camouflage are frequently used in fashion clothing, exploiting their strong designs and sometimes their symbolism. Camouflage themes recur in modern art, and both figuratively and literally in science fiction and works of literature. Continent persons are warned not to keep white pigeons, as being the most liable to destruction. Hence I can see no reason to doubt that natural selection might be most effective in giving the proper colour to each kind of grouse, and in keeping that colour, when once acquired, true and constant.
1892 that “tree-frequenting animals are often green in colour. He wrote that “the scattered green spots upon the under surface of the wings might have been intended for a rough sketch of the small flowerets of the plant , so close is their mutual resemblance. Thayer’s errors, sometimes sharply: “Thus we find Thayer straining the theory to a fantastic extreme in an endeavour to make it cover almost every type of coloration in the animal kingdom. Cott built on Thayer’s discoveries, developing a comprehensive view of camouflage based on “maximum disruptive contrast”, countershading and hundreds of examples. The book explained how disruptive camouflage worked, using streaks of boldly contrasting colour, paradoxically making objects less visible by breaking up their outlines.
Hunters of game have long made use of camouflage in the form of materials such as animal skins, mud, foliage, and green or brown clothing to enable them to approach wary game animals. 1986 the hunter Bill Jordan created cryptic clothing for hunters, printed with images of specific kinds of vegetation such as grass and branches. Ship camouflage was occasionally used in ancient times. Mediterranean pirate ships could be painted blue-gray for concealment. 500 AD, hunting birds with blowpipes which are fitted with a kind of shield near the mouth, perhaps to conceal the hunters’ hands and faces. The development of military camouflage was driven by the increasing range and accuracy of infantry firearms in the 19th century.
Line regiments continued to wear scarlet tunics. Hodson wrote that it would be more appropriate for the hot climate, and help make his troops “invisible in a land of dust”. Later they improvised by dyeing cloth locally. Other armies soon followed them.
Solomon and the American artist Abbott Thayer led attempts to introduce scientific principles of countershading and disruptive patterning into military camouflage, with limited success. 20th century as the range of naval guns increased, with ships painted grey all over. In Wilkinson’s own words, dazzle was designed “not for low visibility, but in such a way as to break up her form and thus confuse a submarine officer as to the course on which she was heading”. Kerr, worked to persuade the British army to use more effective camouflage methods, including countershading, but, like Kerr and Thayer in the First World War, with limited success. In aerial photographs, the countershaded gun was essentially invisible.
The power of aerial observation and attack led every warring nation to camouflage targets of all types. Soviet 1st Tank Army, remarked that the enemy “did not suspect that our well-camouflaged tanks were waiting for him. As we later learned from prisoners, we had managed to move our tanks forward unnoticed”. The tanks were concealed in previously prepared defensive emplacements, with only their turrets above ground level. For ships, dazzle camouflage was mainly replaced with plain grey in the Second World War, though experimentation with colour schemes continued.