Race class gender in the united states 10th edition pdf


This article has multiple issues. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. Research suggests that the overrepresentation of some minorities in the criminal justice system is due to disproportionate crime rates, socioeconomic factors and racial discrimination by the criminal justice system. These crime data collection programs provide most of the statistical race class gender in the united states 10th edition pdf utilized by criminologists and sociologists in their analysis of crime and the extent of its relationship to race.

Another form of data is that regarding the prison population. The UCR system indexes crimes under two headings: Part I and Part II offenses. Inaccuracy: UCR statistics do not represent the actual amount of criminal activity occurring in the United States. As it relies upon local law enforcement agency crime reports, the UCR program can only measure crime known to police and cannot provide an accurate representation of actual crime rates. Misrepresentation: The UCR program is focused upon street crime, and does not record information on many other types of crime, such as organized crime, corporate crime or federal crime. Further, law enforcement agencies can provide inadvertently misleading data as a result of local policing practices. These factors can lead to misrepresentations regarding the nature and extent of criminal activity in the United States.

Manipulation: UCR data are capable of being manipulated by local law enforcement agencies. Information is supplied voluntarily to the UCR program, and manipulation of data can occur at the local level. Race and Ethnicity: The UCR tracks crime for the racial category of “White” to include both Hispanic and non-Hispanic ethnicities. According to the ACLU, with over 50 million Latinos residing in the United States, this hides the incarceration rates for Latinos vis-à-vis marijuana-related offenses, as they are considered “White” with respect to the UCR.