The term first appeared in the 1970s, though there were lexicologists in essence before the term was coined. Sometimes lexicography is considered to be a part or a branch of lexicology, but properly speaking, only greek and the meronymy pdf who actually write dictionaries are lexicographers. Some consider this a distinction of theory vs. Cognitive lexical semantics is thought to be most productive of the current approaches.
It studies compound meanings of two or more words, as in “raining cats and dogs”. Because the whole meaning of that phrase is much different from the meaning of words included alone, phraseology examines how and why such meanings come in everyday use, and what possibly are the laws governing these word combinations. Since lexicology studies the meaning of words and their semantic relations, it often explores the origin and history of a word, i. Etymology can be helpful in clarifying some questionable meanings, spellings, etc. For example, etymological dictionaries provide words with their historical origins, change and development. As there are many different types of dictionaries, there are many different types of lexicographers. Questions that lexicographers are concerned with are for example the difficulties in defining what simple words such as ‘the’ mean, and how compound or complex words, or words with many meanings can be clearly explained.
Also which words to keep in and which not to include in a dictionary. Dirk Geeraerts, The theoretical and descriptive development of lexical semantics, Prestructuralist semantics, Published in: The Lexicon in Focus. Competition and Convergence in Current Lexicology, ed. Leila Behrens and Dietmar Zaefferer, p. Dirk Geeraerts, The theoretical and descriptive development of lexical semantics, Structuralist and neostructuralist semantics, Published in: The Lexicon in Focus. Ein Internationales Handbuch Zur Natur and Struktur Von Wortern Und Wortschatzen, Vol 1.
This page was last edited on 22 December 2017, at 08:14. Metonymy and related figures of speech are common in everyday speech and writing. Greek and Latin scholars of rhetoric made significant contributions to the study of metonymy. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Sometimes an absolute distinction is made between a metonymy and a synecdoche, treating metonymy as different from, rather than inclusive of, synecdoche. When the distinction is made, it is the following: when “A” is used to refer to “B”, it is a synecdoche if A is a component of B or if B is a component of A, and a metonym if A is commonly associated with B but not part of its whole or a whole of its part.