Grammar in context 2 5th edition pdf


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AAVE are still a matter of debate. African captives, who spoke many different languages, to communicate among themselves and with their captors. Since pidgins form from close contact between speakers of different languages, the slave trade would have been exactly such a situation. AAVE has always been a dialect of English.

AAVE was closer to that of contemporary British dialects than modern urban AAVE is to current American dialects, suggesting that the modern language is a result of divergence from mainstream varieties, rather than the result of decreolization from a widespread American creole. West African languages to AAVE is minimal. AAVE accents is a uniquely wide-ranging intonation pattern or “melody”, which characterizes even the most “neutral” or light African-American accent. The following are phonological differences in AAVE vowel and consonant sounds. This chain shift is called the “African American Shift”.

The phoneme’s position in a word determine its exact sound. A marked feature of AAVE is final consonant cluster reduction. There are several phenomena that are similar but are governed by different grammatical rules. This tendency has been used by creolists to compare AAVE to West African languages since such languages do not have final clusters. 1960s research, AAVE accents tended to be mostly non-rhotic in Detroit, whose white speakers are rhotic, but completely non-rhotic in New York City, whose white speakers are also often non-rhotic.