Please forward this error screen to 96. This article is semi-protected until November 15, gender identity and politics pdf. There is evidence suggesting that twins who identify with a gender different from their assigned sex may do so not only due to psychological or behavioral causes, but also biological ones related to their genetics or exposure to hormones before birth.
These numbers are based on those who identify as transgender. It is estimated that about 0. 2013 diagnostic criteria, though this is considered a modest underestimate. DSM-5, states that “gender nonconformity is not in itself a mental disorder. The critical element of gender dysphoria is the presence of clinically significant distress associated with the condition. Adults with GD are at increased risk for stress, isolation, anxiety, depression, poor self-esteem and suicide. It was also found that suicide attempts were less common among transgender people who said their family ties had remained strong after they came out, but even transgender people at comparatively low risk were still much more likely to have attempted suicide than the general population.