A short account of early muslim architecture pdf


Until the sixteenth century the degree of Islamisation in Kosovo was minimal, and largely confined to urban centres. Ottoman power relative to foreign Christian powers came under challenge. A phenomenon of “crypto-Catholicism” developed in Kosovo Albanian society, where large numbers of people would convert officially to Islam but follow Catholic rites in private. From 1703 a short account of early muslim architecture pdf decrees banned this practice and did not accept that crypto-Catholics could receive holy rites.

Albanian escort from Belgrade to Istanbul claimed to go to the mosque on Fridays and church on Sundays. 225 mosques sustained damage or destruction by the Yugoslav Serb army. In all, eighteen months of the Yugoslav Serb counterinsurgency campaign between 1998-1999 within Kosovo resulted in 225 or a third out of a total of 600 mosques being damaged, vandalised, or destroyed alongside other Islamic architecture during the conflict. Islamic libraries sustained damage or destruction resulting in the loss of rare books, manuscripts and other collections of literature.

500 years were also destroyed. In the aftermath of the war, a wave of revenge attacks on dozens of Serbian Orthodox churches by Muslim Albanians resulting in being damaged or destroyed. These attacks effectively ended after six weeks at the end of August 1999, after appeals by Kosovo’s political leaders and by the Mufti. Bektashi tekkes are subject to the Bektashi order, and in some areas funding from Saudi Arabia or other countries has led to concern about possible Wahhabist attempts to influence Kosovo and its social habits, although such influences are very rarely visible.